Timeline of Hamilton County Public Health

History of the Board of Health
Room No. 405
Hamilton County Courthouse
Cincinnati Ohio 45919-1948



September 26, 1919

-First meeting of the Board of Health

-It was decided to hire a health commissioner for the sum of $4,000 annually

-Board was briefed from the prosecutor’s office on the Hughes Bill forming health districts.  Bill created ODH in 1917 (new ODH)

-Board discussed motion to discuss with the city health department the possibility of amalgamation.



January, 1920

-Board hired first health commissioner, Dr. Aleshire Neal. (26)

-Board discussed possible amalgamation.  Medical advisory board, the clerk of green township, and mayor of cheviot were not in favor as it might increase their financial responsibility, for which they could not stand

-Discussion that the Health commissioner had to file with the State Civil Service Commission


February 16, 1920

-Resignation of the first Board member – Dr. Keller.

-part time sanitary officers who will work near where they reside were hired at a rate of $180.00 per year; laboratory worker for $200.00 per year; clerk to the Board would be paid $1,200.00


March 16, 1920

-Superintendent of Public Schools discussed police powers for sanitary officers.  Health Commissioner was directed to seek a prosecutor opinion on matter (31)

-prosecutor opinion regarding payment of health commissioner was discussed (34)


March 30, 1920

-Police powers opinion from prosecutor office was discussed.  Opinion that sanitary officers do have police powers.  However, matter of drawing up regulations should be held in abeyance until after receipt of the manual of regulations from the State Department of Health.

-budget of $20,000 approved for the Board of Health

-First budget (42)

-First Plumbing regulations(41)


April 29, 1920

-State Department of Health Bulletin #9 – which states that the Board of Health must appoint the Health Commissioner a delegate to the first annual conference of Health Commissioners, to be Health in Columbus May 12-14.


August 16, 1920

-Health commissioner outlined plan for school inspection


Oct 21, 1920

–Health Commissioner outlined a plan for the red cross to finance nursing activities in the county.


Dec 1, 1920

-54-56 – BOH handout and informational sheet

-First informational circular was discussed to educate doctors dentists, and druggists on the work of the District Board of Health.




January 12, 1921

-Health commissioner employment confirmed for 1921 and 1922


March 8, 1921

-Board decided to secure services of veterinary surgeon for the purpose of inspecting dairies as outlined in sections 1261 to 26 of the Griswald Act.  Pay would be 2400

-set schedule of the District Board of Health set for second Tuesday of each month at eleven o’clock

-monthly circular of Board activities would be created and distributed to those interested and corporations.


April 12, 1921

-Board members received their first payment for expenses of attending Board of Health meetings (63)

-Board moved to no longer employ 13 part time sanitary officers and appoint three who will devote their entire time to the work under the direction of the health commissioner.  Salaries shall be 2,000.  Own transportation is required.


May 10, 1921

-discussions on payments to be made (68)


June 14, 1921

-Approved an exhibit at the Carthage Fair and Public Health Exhibit at Music Hall

-Approved purchase of badge or insignia for the employees of the Board of Health

-mentioned meeting of the Advisory Council on May 9, 1921 – two board members where elected (70)


June 28, 1921 Special Meeting of the District Board of Health

-consideration of the sewerage of the Village of Glendale

-sewage discharging to lake (74)


July 12, 1921

-discussion of furnishing gasoline for the veterinarian was discussed

-first pay increase of $1 per month for secretary was approved


August 9, 1921

-Ordinance for farm fowl near dwellings including fine of $25 (77)

-Ordinance for dumping garbage, sludge sewage, dead animals upon street, sidewalk, ditch, or public grounds within health district.  Fine of $50 (78)

-First nuisance complaint ordinance, including weeds, shall be given 5 days to fix.  Fine of $25-$50. (78-79)

-Ordinance prohibiting pigs within 200 feet of a building.  Fine of $25-$50 (79)

-Publication of ordinances as required by law will occur

-Health commissioner delegated to go to Health Commissioners’ Convention September 12-16


September 8, 1921

-Milk ordinance was presented by veterinarian and submitted to the Board.  Health Commissioner was instructed to draw up a suitable milk ordinance and forward a copy of the same to each member of the Board.  (82)


October 11, 1921

-plan of inaugurating a course in home nursing and hygiene in county high schools (84)

-November meeting rescheduled for Nov 1 due to election day conflict


November 1, 1921

-Ordinance No. 5 – milk sale (88-92)

-Discussion on how to publish regulations in paper of general circulation – Valley Blad has been declared to be a paper of general circulation


December 13, 1921

-health commissioner instructed to ascertain the amount allowed by other departments for the upkeep of autos to pay employees to maintain their own transportation.

-county commissioners visited the meeting at the request of the health department for additional space and the advisability of putting in partitions in the present office.  (96)



January 17, 1922

-On the date of the original meeting of January 10, only one BOH member present.  Special meeting called.

-County Commissioners acted favorably on space requested in December meeting


February 14, 1922

-gasoline books were purchased for employees so they could pay for gas (happening all along)


February 24, 1922

-Special meeting called to consider purchasing lab equipment (101)


March 14, 1922



April 11, 1922

-ice contract for the laboratory (refrigerator) was agreed upon

-raises were provided to help manage the upkeep of employee cars


May 9, 1922

-At the request of the State Department of health, a resolution was read stating that the cities of norwood and Cincinnati are permitting sewage to be discharged into Duck Creek and is thereby creating a public health nuisance.  State Department of Health was requested to investigate and take action.

-health commissioner was given a raise and now makes $5,000


June 13, 1922

-“The Board discussed the possibility of allowing employees two weeks’ additional vacation on their own time and the members were unanimous in the opinion that the regular two weeks’ vacation now allowed was sufficient.”  (109)


July 11, 1922

-resolution related to sanitary handling of milk (112)

-authorized to hire a temporary clerk while current clerk takes vacation


August 8, 1922

-Expense approvals


September 19, 1922

-1923 budget was approved at budget committee meeting for $25,000 (116)


October 10, 1922

-State Department of Health recommended local boards of health set funds for pre-natal work under the Sheppard-Towner Act – both state and U.S Government will supplement funds.; Board set aside $1,000 for this purpose.

-Department purchased first cars – two Ford coupes for the district’s two nurses

-Discussion on milk ordinance to require sanitary equipment was discussed.  Prosecutor and State opinion will be sought.


October 17, 1922 – Special meeting to discuss milk

-attorney present representing milk dealers from Glendale was present

-health commissioner instructed to draw up a regulation that the Board of Health issue permits covering production, sale, and handling of milk and its by-products


November 14, 1922

-Proposed regulation on milk permits was shared – Regulation VI


December 12, 1922

-discussion about “carelessness” for a bill of $2.50 for pulling car out of ditch – Health commissioner instructed to censure Miss McWethy for incurring this expense.

-Nurse Conference is held on December 15 – Miss Fagen will attend

-Dr Neal will continue as health commissioner for 1923 and 1924



January 9, 1923, February 13, 1923, March 13, 1923, April 10, 1923



May 9, 1923

-Nurse Miss Betty Startsman is now confined to the hospital because of illness contracted in line of duty.  Motion paying her in full was not moved; motioni to pay her only fifteen days was moved.

-butter can be sold if TB tested cows (135)

-letter from public health federation on May 2 in support of board of health


June 12, 1923

-Board required that all sanitary officers, nurses and stenographer be present at all BOH meetings.

-(142-144)prosecutor opinion on when a BOH member assumes duty as a BOH member.


September 11, 1923

-new BOH member sworn in by Judge of Common Please Court (145)

-discussion of doing oral hygiene work in the county schools; red cross will furnish equipment if BOH would provide the operator. Special meeting will be called to discuss.

-question to industrial commissioner for compensation for Ms. Startsman.


September 18, 1923 Special meeting – oral hygiene

-BOH began employing a part time dentist to work in schools and would be paid $100 per month.  Red Cross to furnish equipment and transportation.


October 9, 1923

-County prosecutor advised that the BOH could not pay salaries to any employees not working.


November 13, 1923




-dentist to be hired and will devote time to inspection, instruction and recommendations, and the teaching of oral hygiene in the schoosl.

-State Department of Health Bulletin #71 regarding antitoxin for diphtheria (162)

-First discussion regarding charging merchants in the county a nominal fee for the permits issued to them relative to the handling of food and dairy products.  Prosecutor will be asked for information regarding the formalities necessary to collect this fee.  –letter (163)



January 8, 1924

-Dr. Kuhlman would start as dentist.  Only work in Millcreek valley and other places accessible to street cars would be considered until such time as transportation could be provided.

-Schick test was completed in Loveland schools in conjunction with Clermont county health commissioner.  159 children had been tested.  This is the first school in southwestern ohio completed by a county health department.


February 12, 1924

-BOH can adopt fee and publish once ordinance approved.

-FIRST executive session called to discuss matters pertaining to the office (168)

-each field staff was instructed to complete an individual report and present it at BOH meetings.


March 11, 1924

-Food Fee passed

-Athens county health department requested to send a nurse to Hamilton County to learn about our program.


April 8, 1924

-first mention of an annual report that must be submitted to the District Advisory council

-Dr. Jones was mentioned, chief of the Food Inspection Department, Miss Fagen Supervisor of Nurses


May 12, 1924

-DAC mention (180)

-petition from Lockland citizens requesting that the BOH take steps to prohibit the sale of bulk ice cream from wagons and stands in Lockland was presented.  Prosecuting opinion was sought.

-(181) newspaper regulation No 8 – sale of ice cream


June 10, 1924

-State Health inspected 19 wells in county – only one would get seal of safety (183)

-Prohibition of vending of bulk ice cream in HCGHD.

-State department of health issued letter on smallpox situation (183)

-discussion about nursing including “the work of the nurses and other social workers in the county is, in many instances, misdirected and that charity is often given to families not deserving of it.”

-Dept procured “No Dumping” signs at request of sanitary officer (184)


July 8, 1924

-smallpox discussion and requested additional assistance from State


August 12, 1924, September 9, 1924



October 14, 1924

-smallpox discussion, conference in Detroit to be held on the topic by the American Public Health Association

-car to be purchased would be equipped with a speedometer


November 7, 1924

-Health commissioner appointed for 1925-26; salary increased to $5,000


December 9, 1924

-BOH authorized purchase and sale of tooth brushes – $0.10 a piece or free to those that can not afford.

-(201) first salary scale adopted.

-Public Health authorities have formulated a system of scoring activities of health departments (202)



January 13, 1925

-district would participate in committee of the Public Helth Federation


February 10, 1925

-Berling’s Dairy lost permit; reinstated after payment of new permit fee


March 10, 1925

-Colerain school had received vaccination

-county commissioners buying new desks

-stenographer highered to bring district up to standard for national reporting


April 14, 1925

-Hey Dairy Company hearing occurred – no action


DAC meeting May 4, 1925 – (216) – 24 members present


May 12, 1925

-selling milk with out a permit – operated requested a permit and was given one.

-assistant prosecuting attorney sworn in new members

-new resolution on plumbing and plumbing inspection was presented (219)

-220 resolution on plumbing


June 9, 1925

-new plumbing resolution approved

-national trade associations present (221)


July 14, 1925

-plumbing inspector hired– fees collected to pay for position  (224)


August 1925, September 1925, October 1925,

-expenditures, staffing, etc


November 1925

-Health commissioners conference devoted to the handling of milk, Hamilton County is considered one of the pioneers in milk work (233)


December, 1925

-Bovine TB discussion


January 1926

-plumbing, dental, etc



February 1926

-new state auditor system of expenditures in place

-did not renew contract of plumbing inspector because services where unreliable

-red cross discontinued dental program, district dentis resigned (241)

-planed to purchase cooling device for lab refrigeration equipment


March 1926

-discussion regarding using vacation for time spent in Officer Reserve Corps; Board felt time should not be deducted from vacation periods.

-plumbing inspector position was abolished, requested legal opinion (245)

-prosecutor letter for establishment of sewer systems, and regulate systems – home plumbing shall be BOH requirement (246-250)


April 1926

-master plumbing association urged BOH to have plumbing inspector in the county

-BOH moved to have plumbing inspector—motion failed

-DAC meeting minutes (254)


May, 1926

-brief measles discussion “also the means of checking the epidemic in a manner that would not work a hardship upon the pupils and prevent advancement in class work.” (256)

-employees car damage referred to prosecutor


July 1926

-Loos slaughter house – unsanitary conditions


August 1926, September 1926


October 1926

-two nurses and physician from a newly organized health department in Quebec Canada had been sent here by the state department of health

–This was the 3rd group that we had since the first of the year (266)

-nurses should consult with family physician prior to referring patients to the hospital.

-regulation 6—food should be changed to regulate all food establishments,

-regulation 5, steam sterilization considered as required for milk bottles – not allowed by prosecutor (269)


November 1926

December 1926

-request from butcher for BOH to engage in meat inspection (lack of inspection hurting business) (273)

-City of Cincinnati would accept county inspection in county jurisdiction and allow for sale within Cincinnati.

-BOH directed research and prosecutor opinion – letter (274)

-candy factory and confection regulation (277)

-grocery and meat market permit (279)

-bakeries and bake shop regulation (281)

-permit for the operation of eating places (283)



January, 1927

-Matter of plumbing inspector was tabled until January 1928

-slaughter house regulation and handling of meat or meat products (289)

-Increase in programing resulted in an increase in food chief salary

-Annual appropriate (323) $35,000


February 1927

-one of the sanitary officers requested a leave of absence for one year for a trip to California, leave granted.


March 1927

April 1927

-request from business for the consideration that Board consider

-first year of food permits produced $622.50 in revenue and was deposited (301)

-DAC minutes (304)


May 1927

-Home for Friendliness asked for permission to operate a maternity hospital in the health district.  It was explained that before a hospital can receive a certificate from the State Dept of Health, it must have a certificate of endorsement from the local Board of Health.

-Health commissioner, should he be needed, will be granted a leave of absence to participate in a flood district.


June 1927

July 1927

-master plumbers association beckoned the board to begin plumbing inspections, no action (311)


August 1927

September 1927

-BOH agreed that if the Hamilton County Bovine Anti TB Association needed funds, BOH would donate $500.00


October 1927

November 1927

-Food chief sent to Toronto to study latest method of inspecting and supervising the production of milk (316)


December 1927

-Maple Knoll Maternity hospital was approved by BOH



January 1928

-Master Plumber Association requested consideration to hire plumbing inspector.  Board rescinded 1925 action


February 1928

-Meat markets were represented at meeting to discuss BOH interpretation of certain sections of BOH ordinances


March 1928

April 1928

-Cheviot meat merchant appeared to protest meat ordinance.

-DAC meeting (336)

-TB Sanatorium mention (336)

-Subdivision layout discussion (338) resolution at DAC


May 1928

-staff resolution to go study at Darke County (commissioner, food and nurse chief)


June 1928

-Board members given allowance of $1.25 for lunch on days of BOH meetings


July 1928

-veterinarian employed as meat inspector in food department for 250 per month.

-proposed first rabies resolution (350) was tabled in August


August 1928

September 1928

October 1928

-letter from veterinarians stating that BOH vet should not also have private practice.  Recommending this be ceased (364)


November 1928

December 1928

-Health commissioner appointed for two years.  Salary increased to $6000



January 1929

-delegation of vets to protest BOH vet’s private practice. – BOH motion allow employees to work outside of BOH work as long as it does not conflict with their duties. (375)


January 17, 1929 Dr. Neal resigned as health commissioner having been selected by the Governor of Ohio as State Director of Health.  (376)


January 18, 1929 special BOH meeting

-Dr Campbell was appointed as acting health commissioner, without pay


February 1929– special meeting of BOH

-Dr Campbell resigned BOH position; BOH appointed Dr. Campbell as health commissioner with pay of $6000.


February 1929

-county car given to nurse with the understanding that she is personally liable for any accident of her own making


March 1929

-first discussion of a future pasteurizing ordinance.  Only 7% of milk produced now in the county is raw


April 1929

-cars to be washed twice per month at the expense of the BOH


May 1929

-DAC meeting (387)

-plumbing inspector discussion

-insubordination of food employees; area change


June 1929

-requested opinion from prosecutor to where a plumbing inspector should report – BOH or BoCC

-discussion on nurses driving patients to hospital – no resolution


July 1929

-BOH members now get $2.00 per lunch and $.10 per mile.

-health commissioner recommended against appointment of plumbing inspector


August 1929

-first accounting record – specific to food monies received (398)


September 1929

-report of unsatisfactory sanitary quality of water supply at springdale school and Burr school.


October 1929

-prosecutor believed that the health department had the authority to enforce sewer connections

-BOH resolution allowing dogs to be sent to the dog pound for observation will go at next meeting.



November 1929

-sewer connection prosecutor opinion (407)


December 1929

-resolution adopted allowing BOH to have dogs taken to Dog pound for observation (415)

-budget approved $45,000



January 1930

-Dr. Campbell resigned; BOH member, Dr. Schoenling resigned as well.

-Dr. Schoenling appointed as health commissioner — $6,000 per year salary


February 1930

-auditing committee was created with BOH member, health commissioner, and one additional BOH member


March 1930

-employees no longer required to attend the BOH meeting, each month


April 1930

May 1930

-DAC meeting (436)

-2 weeks of vacation was discussed


June 1930

-new veterinarian was hired

-prosecution of those not purchasing required permits was discussed (443)


July 1930

-Village of Wyoming dump was discussed (446) residents wanted it moved.


August 1930

-employee with TB (448)


September 1930

October 1930

-BoH paid for a physical exam, at BOH expense, for all employees.  (452)

-discussion of venereal clinics in county


November 1930

December 1930

-budget for 41,769 (462)



January 1931

-Cheviot, Lockland and Reading became cities. – BOH wanted to continue serving the communities. (465)


February 1931

-Cuyahoga LHD requested, HC be present in Columbus to testify about a House Bill that would permit city health districts to combine with general health districts. House Bill 29 (468)


March 1931

April 1931

-Journeyman Plumbers Association requested BOH appoint a plumbing inspector


May 1931

-DAC (474)

-DAC by motion wanted to contract with the City of Cheviot

-Displeasure about BOH was circulated and dismissed

-BOH will provide public health nursing to the City of Lockland

-Mt Healthy wanted BOH to pass motion which would allow them to raise money for the disposal of garbage, no action taken.

-discussion on county wide garbage collection (477)


June 1931

-Master Plumbers urged for plumbing inspector; letter from Butler County outlining experience.

-City of Cheviot check received for services for first quarter $625

-City of Reading requested a refund for food permits collected in their city of #24.00

-public swimming pool program began


July 1931

-state auditor indicated BOH can only charge for actual expenditures (485)


August 1931

September 1931

October 1931

-reading requested BOH to do bacteriological specimens at lab


November 1931

-plumbing inspector that BOH submitted for position (but not hired) had sued the city and won


December 1931

-health commissioner to interview plumbing inspectors

-BOH feels home owners should be allowed to do work.

-Discussion of review of dental work and dental staff situation (495)

-first mobile food license required for all food trucks



January 1932

-plumbing inspector not moved by BOH

-BOH paying someone to inspect dental department for $10 per inspection


February 1932

-State plumbing inspector called and recommended hiring plumbing inspector locally


March 1932

-plumbing inspector question was tabled indefinitely.


April 1932

-BOH lobbying against new rule requiring city representation on County BOH.  (510)


May 1932

-DAC (512)

-State Health indicated that each city from the health district must be represented on the BOH


June 1932

July 1932

August 1932

-health district scheduled to have a 2,000 deficit this year; county commissioners said they would take care of this (523)

-BOH approved motion decreasing staff salaries by 10%


September 1932

-staff wanted to take civil service commission exam in Hamilton county (526)


October 1932

-permit expiration resolution – regulation 10, section 4; permits not transferable


November 1932

December 1932

-more salary cuts discussed

-special nursing activity meeting held in December at court house (540) – topic, salary reductions

-BOH budget for 34,046



January 1933

-discussion of reducing number of sanitary officers to two

-fired nursing supervisor for


February 1933

-Lockland and Reading had withdrawn from the eHealth District

-Board removed youngest employee in point of time employed (Sanitary officer)(556)


March 1933

April 1933

-sanitary officer miles for one month – 1,978 and 1,480miles


May 1933

-DAC (543)


June 1933

-complaint from the State examiner regarding the amount reimbursed the board members for the attendance of meetings (569)


July 1933

-workers comp is now being charged to BOH for first time – was absorbed by county

-first sick leave policy (572) 2 weeks


August 1933

September 1933

-Ohio Milk Marketing commission and new law requiring licensing of all milk dealers was shared (576)


October 1933

November 1933

-state audit – BOH members should be paid for expense occurred; erroneous payment to board members; convention attendance needs to be broken apart rather than lump sum; expenses to general assembly paid by county not authorized by law (585)

-red cross discontinuing providing nurses for BOH

-meat and milk permits are now 1.00; 2 groceries;

-annaul appropriation 35,769 (589)


December 1933


January 1934

February 1934

March 1934

-CMPA wanted board to consider hiring plumbing inspector, tabled

-US Chamber of Commerce wanting district to participate in a Rural Health Conservation Contest (596)


April 1934

May 1934

-DAC (601)

-TB sanitorium was to be dedicated on May 13, 1934


June 1934

July 1934

-smoke complaint nuisance lodged; BOH investigating (612)


August 1934

-more smoke complaints

-nuisance ordinance drawn up (617) – smoke gas, fumes, dust

-garbage collection is thought to be BoCC issue, not  BOH (619)


September 1934

-Rural Health Contest discussed – (623)

-BOH meetings moved to Mondays


October 1934

-sanitary privies to be built across the county at a cost of 7.00 per unit.  These are part of the federal relief administration funding – where no sewers are located.  Applications through health departments (629)


November 1934

December 1934

-Health commissioner has plans to return to unreduced pay



January 1935

-restored all staff salaries for districts 16 employees

-based on paperwork concerns, district tabled work on the Rural Health Conservation contest (636)


February 1935

-Master Plumber Association came to BOH meeting to lobby for the hiring of a plumbing inspector; health commissioner to investigate and make recommendations.


March 1935

-annual report format to be changed to more public friendly (642, 646-649)


April 1935

-Plumbing inspector issue sent to prosecutor for opinion and DAC.


May 1935

-DAC (655); in favor or plumbing inspector

-Prosecutor opinion ok with hiring plumbing inspector

-community charges for 1935 (662)


June 1935

July 1935

-dairyman was arrested for selling milk without permit – has been selling 90 gallons of milk per day (669)


August 1935

September 1935

-suit against county newspaper clipping (675)


October 1935

-brief discussion about opening up old canal to help with pollution of the small streams

-privy project to continue next year

-suit, which includes county commissioner nurse payments, trial occurred.  Nurses do TB work so it is not anticipated that they will be enjoined

-suit opinion (680)


November 1935

December 1935

-BOH employed a pediatrician that was left go from lawsuit.



January 1936

-budget was 36,096

-transferred last nurse on BOH payroll to BoCC payroll to help with TB (694)

-special BOH meeting to consider funds through Social Security Act


February 1936

March 1936

-St Bernard exploring a contract with HCPH (700)

-SSA funds were granted for Venereal Clinics


April 1936

May 1936

-DAC (706)


June 1936

-townships can pay for disposal of dead dogs along highways (712)


July 1936

-clerk for venereal clinics reported ill with TB.  Went to Sanatorium


August 1936

-std clinic stats for month on 718

September 1936

-Schick testing and immunization of school children.  State physicians sent to help.


October 1936

-immunization campaign began for diphtheria


November 1936

-Dr. Schoenling stated that during the first two weeks of our Toxoid Campaign:

3257 children had been Schick tested

5185 children had been given Toxoid


December 1936



January 1937

February 1937

March 1937


April 1937


May 1937


June 1937


July 1937


August 1937


September 1937


October 1937

Dr. Schoenling suggested that the Board consider adopting some Dumping Regulations for the County. Mr. Runk, Cheviot, Ohio, has a dump which has been burning for two weeks, the cause thought to be spontaneous combustion.


November 1937


December 1937



January 1938


February 1938


March 1938


April 1938


May 1938

June 1938

July 1938


August 1938


September 1938


October 1938


November 1938


December 1938




January 1939


February 1939


March 1939


April 1939


May 1939


June 1939


July 1939


August 1939

September 1939


October 1939


November 1939


December 1939



January 1940

  • Annual Appropriation Resolution for 1940 was adopted. Salaries and expenses which were to be incurred by the health department were estimated at $51,000.
  • County Health Department may have to take over medical relief to indigents due to legislation enacted in 1939 (House Bill #675). This bill states that Board of Township Trustees no longer have the rights to enter into contracts with physicians to furnish medical relief and medicines to indigents in the townships. However, they are still to furnish hospitalization to needful indigent persons having legal residence in the townships.
  • Consideration for changing the Milk Ordinance in order that the county’s requirements would correspond with the Standard Milk Ordinance recommended by the U.S. Public Health Service.


February 1940

  • Ongoing discussion regarding medical service to indigents in the village and townships. It was suggested to ask County Commissioners to invent a lump sum of $25,000 to the health department to employ physicians (for 24-hour duty) to take care of medical aid to indigents.
  • Moody (laboratory technician) has gone into the military service of the United States Army.


March 1940

  • Relative to the discussion regarding Medical Service for Indigents in the County, Dr. Schoenling took up the matter with the County Commissioners, but was unable to obtain much information… However, Dr. Campbell said he felt reasonably certain that the County Commissioners would not object to employing, or paying several physicians to care for county indigents. It was the consensus of the Board that the township trustees are the logical ones to say which cases are indigents in their respective communities, and that indigents should have the privilege of choosing their own physicians. The question arose as to the amount of illness among indigents and the number of physicians necessary in each township for this work. Both Dr. Hunsche and Dr. Pinkvoss expressed their opinion that the actual amount of sickness among indigents would not be such a great problem, but that “spread out charity” (those who can afford to pay but seek and demand charity) for chronic illnesses offer the greatest problem.


April 1940

  • The County Commissioners are assuming the responsibility for medical service in the county area (outside the cities) and have made funds available to the Director of Public Welfare whereby he may make contracts with physicians in the various communities to take care of the medical needs of indigents. The Board of Township Trustees will continue to furnish hospitalization where such services are required.


May 1940

  • Schoenling stated that he had talked with Dr. C.R. Campbell and Mr. Higgins, comptroller, regarding dumping in the county. Numerous complaints are being received by this department because the public cannot find a place to dump without causing a nuisance. Dr. Schoenling says as the situation now stands, residents of the county either have to burn, bury or have their garbage hauled away.
  • Schoenling gave a Radio Address over WAI on Prevention of Cancer in behalf of the Women’s Field Army.


June 1940

  • Taylor (dentist) was able to cover all of the schools during the school year and also did extractions for indigent children in the first three grades. During the school year (September 1939-May 1940), Dr. Taylor examined 12,697 children and extracted 1,138 teeth for 501 children.


July 1940

  • A letter was read from the American Public Health Association requesting entry into the Rural Health Contest. It was the consensus of opinion of the Board that this department should not enter this contest, and directed Dr. Schoenling to so advise the American Public Health Association.


August 1940

  • Began doing laboratory examinations of milk samples for Clermont County.
  • Whitlock, President of the Board of Education of the Addyston Public School, informed Dr. Schoenling that their Board of Trustees were not in favor of granting us the school building to hold the Venereal Disease Clinics. Thru Miss Tromey, nurse at Addyston, arrangements have been made whereby our Venereal Disease Clinics may be held at the Colored Baptist Church in Addyston. Miss Morgan and Miss Schmid inspected the two rooms we are privileged to use and report they need cleaning. The church is financially unable to have this done. Arrangements have been made whereby we are to furnish the paint, to paint these rooms, and one of the men will do the labor. We are also to pay $10.00 for the coal and light furnished during the year.
  • Schoenling informed the Board that the quarantine for dogs in Sharonville would be up on August 16, 1940 – all dogs having been quarantined for 60 days. Dr. Schoenling says he sees no necessity for extending the quarantine period, and it met with the approval of the Board that all dogs be released.


September 1940

  • The Carthage Fair opens Sept. 10th continuing thru the 14th. Our department has a special display which has been loaned us thru the State Department of Health. It is a Cancer Education Exhibit, the same as was shown at the New York World’s Fair, and originated with the New York Health Department.
  • Schoenling found it necessary to place an additional quarantine on dogs in and around Sharonville, Ohio. This was decided upon after a conference with Mr. Porter, Mr. Kuhn, Dr. Turner, a representative from the County Commissioners, and one from the County Prosecutor’s office. This will be for 60 days beginning September 1, 1940 and extending thru October 30, 1940. During August, 6 cases of rabies were reported to our department – 2 dogs and one cow having been diagnosed by the State Laboratories, and two dogs and one cow diagnosed clinically by our veterinarians.
  • There was one new case of Infantile Paralysis reported in Harrison Township.



October 1940

  • Board of Health President, Dr. Kuhlmann, died on October 1, 1940.
  • Resolution was adopted: Dr. Pinkvoss, now vice-president, be elevated to the position of president of the Board of Health… Matthews was made vice-president of the Board of Health
  • The quarantine of dogs in and around Sharonville will be up October 31, 1940. Since our last board meeting there have been three rabid dogs reported – two from Sharonville and one from around Newtown, Ohio.


November 1940

  • Kuhlmann’s son – Mr. Earl Kuhlmann – was appointed by the Board of Health to fill vacancy left by his father.
  • We have had some rabies reported in Blue Ash, Ohio thru Dr. T.J. Mohr of Lockland, Ohio who stated that a puppy belonging to a Mr. Wm. Morton had bitten several persons and a few days later died. Upon Dr. Wolf’s investigation, it was found that this puppy had bitten eleven persons before its death. The head was sent to Columbus, Ohio, and the laboratory findings were positive for rabies. Since then 3 other dogs, in the same neighborhood, have developed rabies and died. As a result of all these dogs having rabies, twenty persons have been exposed and are under treatment.
  • Schoenling has received a letter from the State Department of Health stating that all men selected by the draft boards, who are called for physical examinations by the Local Examining Boards, must have a serological test for syphilis. These tests will be performed by the laboratory of the Ohio Department of Health and all health commissioners are requested to assist the Local Draft Boards in this program. Reports of positive serologic tests will be mailed to local health commissioners and these men are to be put under treatment as promptly as possible.
  • A letter has been written to the State Director of Health, Dr. Markwith, with regards to a case of active, open tuberculosis in our district, who refuses to stay in the tuberculosis hospital and is a public menace as he roams about the county spreading this disease. Dr. Schoenling has asked the State Department if some quarantine measure could not be taken with regard to this case. Dr. Markwith replied there is a law, (Section 3144) in the General Code of Ohio, which provides such quarantine procedure by the State Board of Health, after action has been taken by the local Board of Health and the facts have been presented to the State Board of Health in writing. Dr. Schoenling recommends that our Board take such action. After some discussion Dr. Mathews: MOVED that action be taken recommending to the State Department of Health that Fred Logan, an individual known to have a case of active, open tuberculosis – a menace to the public – who cannot receive suitable care and treatment at his home, be ordered removed to the tuberculosis hospital of Hamilton County. Seconded by Dr. Hunsche. Motion passed.


December 1940

  • Schoenling stated that the tuberculosis case, Fred Logan, for whom action was taken at the last Board Meeting to have him removed to the Tuberculosis Sanatorium has had negative sputums on two occasions and nothing more has been done to have him quarantined. Now, Dr. Nimitz has a similar case, Flemon Richardson, living in our district. Dr. Nimitz recommends that he be removed to the Branch Hospital. Dr. Schoenling is going to have this case followed-up by our nurse before action is taken. After some discussion regarding such cases, it met with the approval of the Board that Dr. Schoenling should take any action that is necessary regarding the quarantining of such cases.




January 1941

  • 1941 Annual Appropriations: $53,276.00


February 1941

  • Two cases of typhus fever
  • Miss Hart asks what provision would be made by the Board for nurses drafted into Red Cross Service for Defense Work. If nurses are drafted, they are assured of a position upon their return.
  • Expressed that we are having unsatisfactory results with serological testes from the State Department of Health, Division of Laboratories. Dr. Schoenling suggested that we purchased the necessary material and have the doubtful examination made in our own laboratory, where the change of error would be less.


March 1941

  • No further action was taken by the Board with regard to the county adopting the Standard Milk Ordinance. However, Dr. Schoenling reports that Dr. Turner has estimated there are about 200 persons, in our district, “boot legging” milk.


April 1941

  • Schoenling attended the Governor’s Committee on the Follow-Up of the White House Conference in Ohio, during April 2nd and 3rd, as Columbus, Ohio. Nothing of special interest occurred, but the problems related to social, health and educational needs of the children of Ohio in conjunction with the Defense Program. Dr. Schoenling is of the opinion that the most important things are the continuance of our immunization programs and careful attending to sanitation and housing.
  • Numerous complaints of a nuisance existing on Four Mile Road in Anderson Township by residents in the vicinity. The nuisance proved to be a dump that caught on fire. It appears that the Martin’s collect garbage and have been granted permission, by property owners, to dump on Four Mile Road. They have built up quite a good business…As the matter rests, all dumping is to be stopped until approval of the State Department is received to construct and incinerator.
  • Due to the increased demands for birth certificates for National Defense Work it was necessary for Dr. Schoenling ask the Board (by phone) on April 8, 1941, if we could have someone, part-time, to help us with our clerical work…it was explained to the Board that employees working for companies doing National Defense Work must have a birth certificate to present to their employers – theses certificates must be certified copies…. Motion passed to authorize temporary employment of Mrs. Alvanette Berg to assist with clerical work.


May 1941

  • Plans for an incinerator for the Four Mile Road dump were not approved by the State Department….It was suggested that the Martin’s employ a “dump tender” who would watch for fires and cover the dump with soil, rather than have them build and incinerator.
  • Quarantine

June 1941


July 1941

  • Had a case of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever after a woman was bit by a tick

August 1941

  • Continued discussing a uniform milk ordinance. No action taken.

September 1941

  • Continued discussing a uniform milk ordinance. No action taken.



October 1941

  • The adoption of the Standard Milk Ordinance was again discussed, and it was the consensus of opinion that a milk ordinance similar to that now enforce by the City Health Department would be desirable.
  • There had been a decline in the number of dog bites during September, as only 36 bites were reported as compared to 64 during August. Two rabid dogs were reported as compared to five in August and only four persons were under treatment as compared to 10 in August.
  • Following Dr. Schoenling’s return from the Health Commissioners’ Convention at Columbus, Ohio last month where the matter was fully discussed, we are now permitted to issue exact copies of the birth records we have on file and charge 50 cents each for same – these are not certified copies of the originals.


November 1941

  • No cases of rabies reported in our district in October and only 32 dog bites.
  • A complaint in the form of a petition was received. Louis Henschen, who collects garbage and trash in Mt. Healthy and burns it in a field south of Compton Road near Pippin Rd. Dumping is becoming quite a problem in the county.


December 1941

  • Daniel Jones had a conference with Dr. Schoenling on December 1, 1941, to consider the care of premature infants delivered in the county. The problem of furnishing the necessary equipment to have these infants transported from their home to the Cincinnati hospitals was chiefly discussed.




January 1942

  • January 1, 1942 began operating under the city form of government as the City of North College Hill. The City of North College Hill and HCGHD established an agreement for health services.
  • Budget: $58,613.


February 1942

  • Proposed milk regulation was tabled


March 1942

  • Another quarantine of dogs in the county for rabies
  • Six nurses signed up for Army duty with the Cincinnati Base Hospital #25 – they are scheduled to leave Cincinnati by June 1942.


April 1942

  • Quarantine of dogs (rabies)
  • Immunization campaign underway (having begun April 1, 1942
  • Chas. R. Taylor, our dentist, is ordered to report at the Great Lakes Naval Training Station April 20, 1942. This will leave the county without a dentist.


May 1942

  • Number of dog bites and rapid dogs increased
  • Quarantined another TB patient


June 1942


July 1942

  • Military Leave of Absences and resignations to join the U.S. Army continued to be accepted.
  • Jones’ letter on premature infants was read before the board. Board urged that all Doctors send premature babies into hospitals as soon as possible as all hospitals have arrangements made to take care of this.


August 1942

  • Schoenling has been asked what provision there would be for medical service in the various communities in which rural physicians have left – due to their entering government military service. Many have received their commissions and gone with the result that those remaining find great difficulty in taking care of the increased work.


September 1942

October 1942

  • Dog quarantine extended an additional 30 days. Five persons now taking Anti-Rabic treatment.


November 1942

  • Dog quarantine extended an additional 30 days in the eastern section of the county as all rabies reported during October was from that section.


December 1942

  • Dog quarantine continued for an indefinite period in the eastern section.



January 1943

  • 1943 Budget appropriations: $49,783.70
  • “Good Tooth Button” – designed by Mr. Ed. G. Feinthel. Reads “Good Teeth for a Strong U.S. – Hamilton County Schools”

February 1943

  • Lifted the quarantine of dogs. One cow died of rabies
  • Trailer Camp Resolution passed.


March 1943
April 1943
May 1943

June 1943

  • Additional rules and regulations added to the Rules and Regulations for the installation and inspection of Plumbing and Private Sewage Disposal.


July 1943

  • Trailer Camp Resolution goes into effect July 1, 1943.


August 1943

  • Case of rabies was reported – first in the district since May 15, 1943
  • Case of typhoid fever reported


September 1943

  • Military Leave of Absence granted to staff


October 1943

  • Letter received from the State Health Commissioner – State Department of Health no longer has authority to order quarantine of TB patients. New laws enacted by the Ninety-fifth General Assembly, authorize City or County District Boards of Health to order the quarantine of TB patients, and therefore it is no longer necessary to submit the action to the State Health Commissioner. Law became effective August 10, 1943.


November 1943

  • Resolution adopted for the installation and inspection of private water supplies and sewage disposal systems in our county district.


December 1943

  • The State Department of Health has notified all local Health commissioners to report the total deaths from influenza and pneumonia in their districts each week. Also to report the number of cases of influenza and pneumonia. Dr. Mathews stated that the physicians were much too busy to sit down and write out cards reporting all these cases. He reports that he has seen numerous cases, but that only a few had pneumonia complications.
  • May not be able to meet the December payroll in its entirety unless enough permit money is collected before December 31, 1943.



January 1944

  • Budget appropriation for 1944: $46,180.55


February 1944

  • 60 day quarantine of dogs placed.


March 1944

  • Rabies and TB


April 1944

  • Dog quarantine extended an additional 60 days


May 1944

  • Dog quarantine over the entire county for an indefinite period.


June 1944

  • Creating a county-wide education program regarding rat control program


July 1944


August 1944

  • Boy contracted poliomyelitis at a camp. All children in the health district were quarantined for two weeks as contacts of poliomyelitis. Overall, three cases of poliomyelitis reported in July and up to five in August.


September 1944

  • 22 cases of poliomyelitis this year to date (compared to 2 cases in 1943)
  • Plumbing installation challenges in the Lockland District.


October 1944

  • Up to 32 cases of poliomyelitis


November 1944

  • Dog quarantine continues
  • Six new cases of poliomyelitis in October, and three cases (so far) in November
  • Condemnation of a house (the Austin Home) in Glendale that “has been found infected with tuberculosis, a communicable disease, and cannot be rendered safe for human occupancy by disinfecting.”


December 1944

  • Schoenling attended the burning of the Austin home in Glendale.
  • Two cases of typhus fever reported



January 1945

  • Dog quarantine lifted – no cases of rabies in the district since November 27, 1944.
  • Annual budget appropriation for 1945: $50,146.64


February 1945

March 1945

April 1945


May 1945

  • A report of a death occurring due to food poisoning following a turkey dinner at St. Dominic church. About 50 people became ill, but it was not reported to the health department in time to make an investigation of any food stuff.
  • Board of health adopted a Regulation for the Establishment of a Board of Plumbing Examiners and Certain Rules Regarding Plumbing Licenses and the Performance of Plumbing Operations Within the Hamilton County Ohio General Health District.


June 1945


July 1945


August 1945

September 1945

October 1945

  • A letter was received from the state department of health stating they are not able to provide penicillin at present for the treatment of syphilis. They also state that at the present stage of knowledge the advisability of out-patient treatment of syphilis with penicillin is still somewhat questionable.


November 1945

  • County Commissioners reaction was favorable to obtaining a county sewer for Werk Road. However, some difficulty has arisen in getting the people to agree to pay for the assessments – as well as there being a 10 mil limitation effective which prevents the County Commissioners from issuing bonds for this purpose.
  • The Coordinating Committee, at their meeting Nov. 5 discussed the feasibility of ONE CENTRALIZED HEALTH DEPARTMENT FOR THE COUNTY. The have appointed a committee for further investigation and report – and this is being sponsored by Mr. W. S. Groom, president of the Public Health Federation. Dr. Schoenling pointed out to the Board that it has long been the aim of the Public Health Federation to have the County and City Health Departments combined into a central board of Health. Mr. Simmonds suggested that if Norwood, St. Bernard, Reading and Lockland (all Cities) do not come into the County Health Board, the matter would be open for discussion as to what improvements could be made, but he feels that as far as combining the entire county area at the present time we are not ready for it yet, as we have two kinds of population suburban and rural. No action was taken.


December 1945

  • Many schools have been closed for short periods of time during the influenza epidemic, although it has not been recommended by the Board of Health.
  • Schoenling read an article to the Board from the U.S. Public Health Service Bulletin (11/16/45) with regard to Local Health Units for the Nation. This article states that only two-thirds of the population in the United States receive full health protection…



January 1946

  • Budget appropriation for 1946: $58,000
  • Kemper (plumbing inspector) came to the meeting to discuss several plumbing problems.


February 1946

March 1946

April 1946

May 1946

  • O’Brien brought up for discussion the situation regarding Mr. Chas. A. Kopp Jr who was elected by the District Advisory Council in March 1946 to serve as a member of our Board to succeed Mr. R. E. Simmonds, Jr. as a representative of the City of Cheviot…In review of the situation it was brought out that following the election the representatives of the Cities of Cheviot and North College Hill walked out of the meeting without renewing their contracts with the County Board of Health for Health Services, they being dissatisfied with their newly elected representative…


June 1946

July 1946

  • Chas. A. Kopp, who was elected by the DAC to serve as a new member of the Board of Health was sworn into office.
  • A petition was presented to the County Commissioners for the elimination of the RUMPKE DUMP on 71st Street Carthage…within the past few days this dump has been on fire, which is the cause of considerable complaint. However, it has been kept in good condition.


August 1946

  • A delegation from the vicinity of the Rumpke dump, Carthage, Ohio were present…the dump is constantly on fire and odors coming from that section are very injurious to the health of these people. He also said that the dump is overrun by rats, roaches and other vermin and asks that the health department take action to abate the nuisance by abolishing the dump. Board moves to further investigate the dump.


September 1946

  • The Board retired to the Jury Room (next door) to meet with a delegation of 10 people from the vicinity of Carthage… They wanted to know what action had been taken to by the Board, following the last meeting, to abolish the Rumpke dump… As no action was taken with regard to abolishing Rumpke Dump the delegation dispersed at 1:40 p.m. threatening court action and obtaining an injunction against Mr. Rumpke form further using his dump.
  • Colerain Township trustees have written a letter complaining of Mr. Rumpke using his Hughes Road dump and wish him to discontinue his dumping there.


October 1946

  • Schoenling said that on October 8, 1946, he visited with Mr. Rumpke the Dump on Hughes Road (in Colerain Township) and found the place is in excellent condition.
  • The new tuberculosis clinic in the Lockland Subdivision – located back of the YWCA building, in the Nursery School Building – opened October 3, 1946. One clinic will be held every Thursday morning.

November 1946

  • Sewage nuisance on Werk and Bailey Roads.


December 1946



January 1947

  • County-wide quarantine of dogs for 90 days
  • Annual budget appropriation for 1947: $71,500


February 1947

  • Judge Davies’ decision with regard to the Rumpke Dump was that an injunction, as to its constituting a nuisance, was granted and Mr. Rumpke was ordered to have the nuisance abated. The Nay Laboratories, Inc. are to proceed to eliminate the odors, and destroy roaches and rats.


March 1947

  • The DAC went on record as approving a recommendations that the County Board of Health institute a movement to have legislations enacted that would enable groups of townships and/or villages to combine to establish garbage collection and the building of incinerators. Also to investigated the feasibility of having the Board of Health or the Board of County Commissioners enabled to provide for garbage collection and disposal of the same.
  • Schoenling read a letter to the Board which was received from Dr. James H. Steele, Chief Veterinary Public Health Section of the USPH Service, Washington, DC, in regard to canine vaccination which has proven valuable in numerous communities. Dr. Steele further stated that experiments indicate a single inoculation immunization as 85% effective over a period of one year.


April 1947

May 1947

  • Lots of discussion around Rumpke Dump


June 1947

  • Several physicians complained about the quarantine period for Scarlet Fever being 21 days when the City Health Department has adopted a 14-day quarantine period.


July 1947

  • Turner, our veterinarian, came into the meeting to discuss the advisability of a change in our present Milk Ordinance with would require mechanical refrigeration.


August 1947

  • Rumpke Dump – delegation voiced their opinion against Mr. Rumpke dumping on Hughes Road and also maintained that each township should dispose of their garbage in their own way.


September 1947

  • 9 new cases of poliomyelitis reported
  • Further discussion of Rumpke Dump


October 1947

  • The Board discussed Rumpke’s Dump on Hughes Road. Dr. Schoenling stated that daily inspections had been made during the past week and Mr. Rumpke was covering the garbage, daily, with dirt and cleaning up other debris.


November 1947

  • Board of Health moved to adopt the new regulation to provide rules and regulations for the collection and disposal of garbage and waste in the Hamilton County, Ohio General Health District – which comprise Sections 1 to 10 inclusive.
  • Kelly presented a map of Hamilton County showing the growing trend in population in the various sections. Mr. Kelly brought out the fact that his Board does not wish the Regional Planning Commission to recommend sites for the establishing of incinerators in the county area, or the number needed, at the present time due to a new zoning law that is coming into effect.
  • Adopted revised Milk Regulations for Hamilton County… This will require pasteurization of all milk sold in the county, mechanical refrigeration.


December 1947

  • Rumpke feels that he will not be able to meet the new garbage and waste disposal regulations.



January 1948

  • Annual budget appropriation for 1948: $80,000
  • Schoenling (Health Commissioner) retires. Will train his successor.


February 1948

  • New Health Commissioner is Dr. J. P. Owens – begins 2/15/48



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