The safety of public swimming pools in Hamilton County is a priority for Environmental Health Specialists in Hamilton County Public Health’s Environmental Health Division. A licensing, inspection and education program helps ensure the safety of Hamilton County swimmers whether they’re enjoying a public pool or playing in their own backyard.

View Recreational Water Inspections Online Here


Educational information for pool operators and staff

The following information and materials from CDC may be useful to area pool operators and pool staff. All of these materials may be retrieved by visiting the CDC’s Healthy Swimming Web site.

The following posters may be printed and posted poolside to educate your pool users and staff about healthy swimming practices.

The CDC’s Healthy Swimming Web site also contains information that will help your aquatics staff understand what to do if there is a fecal accident in your pool. These materials can be accessed by clicking here. If you are a pool operator and have additional questions about proper pool disinfection procedures, please contact the Health District’s Environmental Health Division at (513) 946-7832.


Recreational water illnesses are diseases that people can get from the water in which they swim and play—like swimming pools, hot tubs/spas, water playgrounds, or oceans, lakes, and rivers—if the water is contaminated with germs.

Public Swimming Pools Information from the Ohio Department of Health

Please see the Ohio Department of Health page for more information on pools, forms, resources, rules, and questions as it relates to public swimming pools and spas.

Information from Ohio Department of Health


Educational information for swimmers

Safety items to look for at swimming pools (at hotels, spas and community centers, etc.):

  • Clean, clear water
  • Strong chlorine odor (could indicate ineffective chlorination)
  • Visible safety equipment (reach pole, life preserver, emergency phone)
  • Presence of lifeguard

Simple Pool Safety Tips

  • Make sure there is adult supervision
  • Never swim alone
  • Never drink alcohol during or just before swimming, boating or water skiing
  • Never chew gum or eat while swimming, diving or playing in water
  • Learn to swim
  • Learn CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation)
  • Check the water depth before entering

Childhood drownings and near-drownings often occur when a child is left alone, even for a few seconds. Young children tend not to splash or make noise when in distress in the water and usually drown silently.

Where do children drown?

  • Children under age one: bathtubs, buckets, toilets
  • Children 1 – 4: swimming pools, hot tubs, spas
  • Children 5 – 14: swimming pools, open water (lakes and rivers)


Using rubber pants, swim pants or swim diapers may be a way to reduce fecal contamination of recreational water by infants and toddlers. These products may prevent solid stool from getting into the water, but they are not leak proof, and have not been tested. They most likely can not prevent softened stool or diarrhea from leaking into the pool.

Six “PLEAs” for Healthy Swimming
The CDC recommends six things everyone should do to prevent germs from entering a swimming pool and to prevent the spread of disease.

Practice these six “PLEAs” to keep germs out of the pool and your community:

  1. Please don’t swim when you have diarrhea. This is especially important for kids in diapers. You can spread germs in the water and make other people sick.
  2. Please don’t swallow the pool water. In fact, avoid getting water in your mouth.
  3. Please practice good hygiene. Take a shower before swimming and wash your hands after using the toilet or changing diapers. Germs on your body end up in the water.
  4. Please take your kids on bathroom breaks or check diapers often. Waiting to hear “I have to go” may mean that it’s too late.
  5. Please change diapers in a bathroom and not at poolside. Germs can spread to surfaces and objects in and around the pool and spread illness.
  6. Please wash your child thoroughly (especially the rear end) with soap and water before swimming. Everyone has invisible amounts of fecal matter on their bottoms that ends up in the pool.


Educational information for homeowners with swimming pools

Homeowners with backyard swimming pools should take precautions to prevent poolside injuries and drownings. According to the CDC, there were 3,306 unintentional fatal drownings in the United States in 2003. The risk of drowning or other water-related injuries is especially high among young children.

  • Make sure an adult is constantly watching children swimming or playing in or around the water.
  • Never swim alone or in unsupervised places and always swim with a buddy.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol before or during swimming or other water activities, or while supervising children who are swimming.
  • Enroll yourself and your children in swimming classes.
  • Learn CPR.
  • Do not use air-filled or foam toys, such as “water wings,” “noodles,” or inner-tubes, in place of life jackets.
  • If you have a swimming pool at your home:
    Install a four-foot fence with a self-closing, self-latching gate.
    Toys should be removed from the pool immediately after use.


Pool Safety Quiz

Test your knowledge! Take our Pool Safety Quiz!


Additional Resources