Hamilton County Public Health is part of a county-wide initiative to improve maternal and infant health and to reduce infant mortality— a significant, troubling problem in Hamilton County.  In order to take effective actions to improve the health and safety of infants and children in our community, it is essential to identify, describe and monitor these problems and the populations at risk. Our epidemiologists work to monitor and report the frequency of infant deaths and the associated risk factors such as pre-term birth; visit our reports page to review the most recent monthly reports (click here). Maternal and Infant Health data is also available through our Community AHEAD program tool (below).  Our division also provides analytical services to support the shared objectives of other agencies; please see the Child Fatality Review Reports (click here).

HCPH also partners with Cradle Cincinnati in an effort to reduce infant mortality in Hamilton County. We strive to prevent prematurity by increasing the amount of time between each woman’s pregnancies to 18 months or longer.  We encourage the reduction or eradication of tobacco use and other substance abuse in pregnancy. And finally, we promote safe sleep for babies. Babies should always sleep Alone, on their Back and in a Crib every time they sleep.

Ohio Equity Institute

The Ohio Equity Institute (OEI): Working to Achieve Equity in Birth Outcomes is a grant-funded collaboration between the Ohio Department of Health and local partners created in 2012 to address these racial inequities in birth outcomes. Population data is used to target areas for outreach and services in the nine counties with the largest disparities. A second iteration of the grant, OEI 2.0, launched on October 1, 2018. A new, more targeted structure was developed to ensure that the program addresses the biggest drivers of inequities in the population most vulnerable for poor birth outcomes and infant mortality.

OEI is a statewide program—run locally by Hamilton County Public Health (HCPH)—to reduce racial and ethnic disparities in infant mortality.

Downstream Strategy: Local Neighborhood Navigators identify and connect a portion of each county’s Black prenatal population to clinical and social services to reduce stress and improve access to resources needed for a new and growing family. Efforts prioritize non-traditional avenues of outreach designed and tailored to identify women where existing systems and programs do not currently reach.

Upstream Strategy: Local entities facilitate the development, adoption, or improvement of policies and/or practices that impact the social determinants of health related to preterm birth and low birth weight, which often drive the inequities in birth outcomes within the OEI counties.

Image of a silouette of a pregnant person with a heart in their womb. Text reads: Pregnant? Live in Hamilton County? Need Help wih resources? We want to hear your story! Our Navigators can connect you to services that can help with baby supplies, prenatal care, home visiting services, utility assistance, housing and more! To provide your contact information, please call 513-946-4634. Logo for the Ohio Equity Institute is on the bottom left with a Facebook tag. Follow at @OEIHamCo

OEI Reports


Additional Resources